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What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is the most commonly diagnosed sexually transmitted infection in Australia. It is particularly common in sexually active teenagers and is most commonly passed on through unprotected sex. (sex without a condom)

What happens if Chlamydia is left undiagnosed?

If Chlamydia is left undiagnosed the infection can advance to other areas of your body. This can result in long term health problems, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) epididymo-orchitis (inflammation of the testicles) and infertility. As well as this it can sometimes cause reactive arthritis. This is why it's important to get tested and treated as soon as possible if you think you might have chlamydia.

How is Chlamydia spread?

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection and is most often spread through sex or contact with infected genital fluids (semen or vaginal fluid)

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?

  • Pain when peeing
  • Unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or rectum (back passage)
  • Men may have pain and swelling in the testicles
  • Women may have pain in the tummy, bleeding after sex and bleeding between periods

How is Chlamydia tested?

Chlamydia can be tested by a urine or swab test.

How is Chlamydia treated?

Chlamydia can usually be treated with antibiotics prescribed by a GP. The prescription course is usually no longer than a week.

Is there a Statutory Notification for Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a notifiable disease which means that doctors and laboratories are legally required to notify state and federal health departments about new cases. This information is treated confidentially and the statistics used for public health planning. Source:

Source: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/chlamydia/